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5 min read May 29, 2023

What is an Automated Valuation Model?

Do you want a quick valuation of your property instead of going for an appraisal? You can make use of the automated valuation model.

To know more about what an automated valuation model is, read on.

What Is AVM In Real Estate?

An Automated Valuation Model (AVM) is a computerized system that provides a valuation of property. It uses mathematical modeling, statistical analysis, and a large database of property information.

Developers design it to estimate the value of a property without requiring a physical inspection by an appraiser or valuer.

How Do Automated Valuation Models Work?

Automated Valuation Models (AVMs) work by utilizing mathematical algorithms and statistical analysis to estimate the value of a property. They collect property-related data from various sources.

This includes property characteristics, historical sales data, tax assessments, and comparable property information. Next, they process the data and identify key features that influence property value.

AVMs then use regression analysis, machine learning algorithms, or artificial neural networks to develop predictive models. Developers use historical data to program AVMs to accurately predict property values based on the selected features.

AVMs provide quick and automated property valuations, making them efficient and cost-effective tools.

Pros And Cons of Automated Valuation Models

Automated Valuation Models (AVMs) have both advantages and limitations. They can be a useful starting point for initial assessment but are not very reliable for a definitive valuation.


  • Efficiency: AVMs provide quick and automated property valuations, unlike traditional home appraisal methods that require physical inspections and manual assessments.
  • Cost-effective: AVM appraisal is more affordable than traditional appraisals. It is especially cost-effective for routine property assessments and portfolio management.
  • Large-scale analysis: The automated models can process vast amounts of data and analyze multiple variables simultaneously. This results in a more comprehensive analysis and estimation of property values.
  • Accessibility: AVMs are widely accessible and can be integrated into online platforms, real estate websites, and financial systems. Users can easily access AVM reports and estimates and make informed decisions.


  • Data Limitations: AVMs heavily rely on the availability and quality of data. Inaccurate or incomplete data can lead to inaccurate valuations.
  • Lack of Subjectivity: AVMs cannot incorporate subjective factors that may influence property value. Such factors include the overall condition, curb appeal, or unique market conditions.
  • Accuracy Variability: The accuracy of AVMs varies depending on the quality of the data, the model, and specific market conditions. AVMs may perform well in stable and highly liquid markets but not so much in volatile or unique market conditions.
  • Legal and Regulatory Considerations: In some jurisdictions, AVMs may not be accepted for certain legal or regulatory purposes. They may have specific requirements for property valuations by licensed appraisers or surveyors.

Automated Valuation Model FAQs

What Is the Purpose of an AVM In Real Estate?

The purpose of an Automated Valuation Model (AVM) in real estate is to provide estimated property valuations quickly and efficiently. AVMs serve various purposes in the real estate industry, including:

  • Property Transactions: AVMs can help determine a fair listing price, negotiate offers, or assess the reasonableness of a purchase price.
  • Mortgage Lending: The automated software is utilized by mortgage lenders to assess property value and determine the loan-to-value ratio (LTV). They can evaluate the risk associated with the property.
  • Portfolio Management: AVMs are valuable tools for financial institutions, investors, and property portfolio managers. They can be used to monitor the value of existing properties and evaluate the performance of real estate investments.
  • Risk Assessment: Automated valuation helps lenders and investors estimate potential risk exposure. They can make informed decisions about loan approvals, collateral valuation, and risk management strategies.
  • Market Analysis: Real estate professionals, analysts, and researchers use AVM-generated data to track market trends and analyze property values in specific areas.
  • Decision Support: The estimated property value allows stakeholders to evaluate the feasibility, profitability, and potential risks of various real estate scenarios.

What is the Difference Between Appraisal And AVM?

Professional real estate appraisals involve a physical inspection, subjective analysis, and professional judgment by a licensed appraiser. AVMs provide automated estimates based on data analysis and mathematical models.

Appraisals are considered more accurate and comprehensive, subject to regulatory requirements, and involve higher costs, while AVMs offer quick and cost-effective estimates but may lack the accuracy and subjectivity of professional appraisals.

How To Use an Automated Valuation Model?

To request information from an Automated Valuation Model (AVM), you can typically follow these steps:

  • Identify AVM Providers: Research and identify AVM providers that offer services in your region or the specific market of interest.
  • Access the AVM Platform: After identifying an AVM provider, visit their website or access their platform to request for information.
  • Enter Property Details: Provide details like the address, size, number of rooms, etc. as requested by the AVM platform.
  • Submit the Request: After entering the property details, submit the request to the AVM platform for processing.
  • Receive the Valuation Report: Once the AVM processes the request, you will typically receive a valuation report or estimate.

The report may include the estimated property value, confidence levels, comparable property information, and other relevant data.

The Bottom Line

It’s important to note that AVMs typically provide estimated valuations. They are not intended to replace professional appraisals for critical or complex transactions.

Additionally, the availability and features of AVMs may vary. They depend on the provider and the region in which you are requesting the information.


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